Teaching And Coaching Methods

Traditionally games are taught using the methods of drill and skill or the progressive part method. Games are subdivided further down into their components skills where coaches provide players with skills and knowledge on how to play such games. Coaching through games is similar to providing practical experience to an individual who has acquired theoretical knowledge and needs to apply them in real life situation. Coaching through games is considered appropriate because it equips the players with practical experience, and the coach is able to identify the weaknesses and strengths of each player and as a whole team but is some cases, it is not appropriate for teaching and coaching track and field skills because focusing on skills can be ineffective if the fitness and the level of player performance have not been assessed and understood.

Coaching through games involves a scenario where a coach makes use of games to help the understanding and decision making abilities of the player. It can entail the coach using an entire a ‘a whole – part - whole’ approach involving sessions that begin with an opposed and conditioned game, then consequently, working on specific weaknesses on some skills, and then finally returning to the game. In this approach, the coach understands that players can mistakes, and any chaos might arise. This in turn provides the players with the required level of confidence to define themselves instead of developing fear among themselves.

Coaching through games is appropriate because it fosters love for the game and provides the coach with a feedback knowledge on the needs and performance from the players. For example, a sport like swimming, the participants are required to learn the skills for competing in swimming and for the coach to identify various areas of weakness which they can improve. The feedback is important in developing skills, and the flame needed to succeed in the specific game. The coach as the tactician is able to understand the needs of each player based on the information obtained when they are playing the game. It is easy for the coach to identify the specific areas of weakness when the player is playing rather than when offering theoretical skills.

Coaching through games is appropriate because the approach involves a physical activity which is a holistic model due to the fact that is focuses its attention on the individual player and not focusing on a sub set of the activity’s specific skills. Coaching through games enables players to learn the nature of the game first, and acquire the required skills for the game. In this case, learning the nature of the game is important and then learning the skills to manage the pace of the game becomes also important. By doing this, the coach is able to think and develop solutions to problems because the aspect of providing solutions for the game are taught in tandem with skills. This results to players who have skills in a broad sense of understanding of the particular game instead of simply having skills for the game. Coaching through games is an approach that has been in use for quite some time. The approach can also be used with people from all ages, the elites and even the beginners. The act of manipulating the risk, time, and space elements of performance while questioning the ability of participants to apply the skills through many performance aspects, a rich and influential understanding of the game is established.

One of the most important factor for someone to succeed in track and field events is to possess the talent, motivation, and the passion to take part in that particular game before involving the coach to learn the game. This is common in learning track and field skills such as athletics, high jump, long jump, and decathlon. Before learning the skills, the participants are required to demonstrate the physical capability such as demonstrating an athletic features of the body in case of soccer, and in case of athletes. Coaching through Games is not appropriate for teaching and coaching Track & Field skills because track and field skills require a lot of physical activities to complement the skills over a long period of time. For instance, besides understanding the game, soccer requires the player to understand the skills required to execute technical skills, how to perform them and when they are needed, the flair to detect ad correct errors, and the ability to develop such skills.

Besides participants being taught the skills and tactics to use for a specific game, players also need to be motivated mentally. For instance, psychological motivation is vital for succeeding in track sports such as athletics, and field sports such as soccer. Coaching through games in track and field skills sometimes does not take into consideration psychological motivation for the participants. It only concentrates in developing the skills and the physical abilities of a player while it disregards the importance of understanding the technical skills, motivation, and psychological status of the player. To be successful in any game, mental motivation is quite important among the participants.

Similarly, coaching through games is not appropriate for teaching and coaching track and field skills because most the track and field games require theoretical knowledge and understanding before embarking on the side of enhancing skills through the game. For instance, sports such as football require evaluation of strength and power before a player can get to learn the game itself. Most of the field and track games require fitness and have complex rules that should be understood among the players in order for them to understand what awaits them when taking part in the actual game.

Most track and field games require coaches to employ a tactical approach for the purpose of ensuring the players succeed in emerging winners. Coaching through games is inappropriate because it will be challenging to recognize the level of the tactical complexity which is appropriate for particular level of the learning players. It is important to first establish a connection between any form of tactical problems, related principles of skill and play among the players through encouragement of thinking and ideas for solving problems which cannot be accomplished by employing coaching through games. In addition, it is not appropriate in learning new technical skills among the athletes.

In a nutshell, coaching is an important aspect for someone or a team to succeed in their specific game. The paper has argued that coaching through games is considered appropriate because it equips the players with practical experience, and the coach is able to identify the weaknesses and strengths of each player and as a whole team. In addition, the approach because it facilitates the development of a player by understanding the required skills to play the game through the guidance of the coach. On the other hand, coaching through games is inappropriate for teaching and coaching track and field skills because track and field skills require possession of talent, motivation, and the passion to take part in that particular game before involving the directly involving coach to learn the game.

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